ALTHAMER, Andreas (ca. 1500-ca. 1539). Die Epistel S. Jacobs mit newer auslegung Andree Althamers. Wie sie gepredigt worden zu Onoltzbach. Wittenberg, [colophon: Georg Rhau], 1533. 4to. 64 lvs. Modern marbled paper-covered boards.

950,-

First German edition of Althamer’s exegesis of the epistle of James. Althamer was the leading reformer of Brandenburg-Ansbach. He studied at the universities of Leipzig and Tübingen and became a priest in Schwäbisch Gmünd in 1524. When he tried to introduce the Reformation he met with resistance from the council and was dismissed. In the next few years he stayed successively in Wittenberg, Nürnberg, Eltersdorf, Nürnberg again and finally, on the recommendation of Lazarus Spengler, he was appointed pastor to the city of Ansbach. According to Kolde, Althamer’s exegesis of the epistle of James belongs to the best sixteenth-century works of this kind because of its size and clearness. – Small tear in second leaf and some contemporary marginal annotations.

VD 16 B 5219, 5220; Kolde 13.

 

 

 

ALTHAMER, Andreas (ca. 1500-ca. 1539). Conciliationes locorum scripturae, qui specie tenus inter se pugnare videntur, centuriae duae. Andrea Althamero authore. Praeter inspersas hincinde additiones, accesserunt huic aeditioni triginta locorum bini seu paria: et negotium sacramentorum sub finem pie ac diligenter tractatum. Additus est insuper index sanè quàm copiosus eorum quae hic tractantur. Bautzen, Johann Wolrab, 1560. 8vo. (8) 236 (43) lvs. Contemporary brown painted limp vellum.

950,-

Rare Latin edition of one of Althamer’s most widely read writings. In 1527 Althamer published a refutation of a treatise by the Anabaptist leader Hans Denck (ca. 1495-1527), in which Denck had collected 40 apparently contradictory Scriptural passages. Althamer however, who added 60 further paradoxes of his own choice, showed the contradictions to be mere appearance which could be solved in a number of ways. In the years following the list of alleged discrepancies was greatly enlarged and finally the edition published in 1534 –as well as all later editions– discussed no less than 200 seemingly contradictory passages in the Bible. It went at least through 12 more editions in the sixteenth century and has also been translated in German. – Dated owner’s inscription on first endpaper, library stamp and some library shelfmarks on title page, a single annotation on last endpaper, and a few old marginal annotations.

VD 16 A 2020; Kolde 7/m.

 

 

 

BÈZE, Théodore de (1519-1605). Iesu Christi D.N. Novum Testamentum, sive novum foedus. Cuius Graeco contextui respondent interpretationes duae: una, vetus: altera, nova, Theodori Bezę, diligenter ab eo recognita. Eiusdem Th. Bezae annotationes, quas itidem hac tertia editione recognovit, & accessione non parva locupletavit. Responsio eiusdem ad Seb. Castellionem, in qua multi Novi Testamenti & harum in ipsum annotationum loci accuratissimè excutiuntur, seorsum excusa prostat. [Genève], [Henri Estienne], 1582. Folio. (12) 525 (3 blank), 488 [= 486] (2 blank) (63) pp. Expertly rebound in traditionally handmade blind-stamped goatskin.

2.000,-

Third (also referred to as the second) major edition of Beza’s New Testament, containing the Greek text, the Vulgate, Beza’s revised translation and his extensive annotations. – Owner’s inscription on upper endpaper, dated owners’ inscriptions on title page, title page slightly soiled, some staining throughout, outer corners of a few leaves restored, small marginal wormhole in last five leaves (not affecting the text), and pen underlinings and pen annotations throughout.

Darlow & Moule 4643; Chaix-Dufour-Moeckli p. 103; Renouard p. 149; Adams B 1708.

 

 

 

BRAUNIUS, Johannes (1628-1708). Commentarius in epistolam ad Hebraeos. Amsterdam, Hendrick Boom and the widow of Dirk Boom, 1705. 4to. (28) 971 (73) pp. Contemporary blind-stamped vellum.

650,-

Braunius, a follower of Coccejus, was professor of theology and Hebrew at the University of Groningen. He published several polemical writings, but became particularly noted for his scholarly studies. His works, especially the present commentary on Hebrews, show an accurate knowledge of jewish rites and customs and a great familiarity with rabbinical literature.

 

 

 

BULLINGER, Heinrich (1504-1575). In priorem D. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolam. Zürich, Christoph Froschauer, 1534. 8vo. 224 lvs. Bound with: IDEM. In D. Petri apostoli Epistolam utranque. Zürich, Christoph Froschauer, 1534. 8vo. (1) 114 lvs. Bound with: IDEM. De hebdomadis, quae apud Danielem sunt, opusculum. Zürich, Christoph Froschauer, 1530. 8vo. 28 lvs. Bound with: IDEM. De testamento seu foedere Dei unico & aeterno. Zürich, Christoph Froschauer, 1534. 8vo. 52 lvs. Bound with: IDEM. De prophetae officio, et quomodo digne administrari possit, oratio. [Colophon: Zürich, Christoph Froschauer, 1532]. 8vo. 37 (1) lvs. Bound with: Loci utriusque testamenti, complectentes praecipua capita totius christianismi, cum adiectis scolijs. Strasbourg, [colophon: Johannes Herwagen], 1528. 8vo. 120 lvs. Contemporary blind-stamped pigskin over wooden boards with ribbed spine and two clasps.

6.500,-

Five rare first editions of works of Bullinger bound with a treatise entitled Loci utriusque testamenti. - Inner margins stained and a few small wormholes in the spine.

I: VD 16 B 5051; Staedtke 53; Rudolphi 223; Vischer C 228; Adams B 3242. II: VD 16 B 5223; Staedtke 52; Rudolphi 220; Vischer C 227; Kuczynski 3016; Adams B 3246. III: VD 16 B 9630; Staedtke 27; Rudolphi 183; Vischer C 174. IV: VD 16 B 9722; Staedtke 54; Rudolphi 222; Vischer C 226; Adams B 3209. V: VD 16 B 9667; Staedtke 33; Rudolphi 205; Vischer C 209; Adams B 3204. VI: Not in Chrisman.

 

 

 

BULLINGER, Heinrich (1504-1575). Von der Verklärung Jesu Christi, unsers Herren: ouch von unserer verklärung, unserem stand und wäsen in ewiger fröud und säligkeit. Das ouch unser Herr Jesus Christus der waar Messias, der recht frid unnd der einig aller wält leerer sye: uss dem 17. cap. Matthei, zwo Predginen Heinrychen Bullingers, gethon zuo Zürych im October. 1552. Zürich, Christoph Froschauer, 1556. 8vo. [32] lvs. Modern half vellum with marbled paper-covered boards.

1.200,-

Second and last edition of Bullinger’s two sermons on Jesus’ transfiguration, preached and first published in 1552. It is typical of a type of text which appeared with increasing frequency during the second half of Bullinger’s tenure as head of the Zurich church, the vernacular sermon or tract printed for literate lay people and clergy. They were sparks from the anvil of his preaching, based on the book of the Bible he was currently exposing and responding to contemporary religious controversies. The second sermon is particularly interesting because it treats Matthew 17:5, the text which is of central significance for Bullinger’s theology and appears as motto on the title page of almost all his works. – Two owners’ inscriptions on title page, outer margin of title page a bit frayed, old underlinings, a few marginal annotations, and stained throughout.

VD 16 B 9762; Staedtke 266; Rudolphi 467; Vischer C 518.

 

 

 

CALVIN, Jean (1509-1564). In omnes Pauli apostoli epistolas, atque etiam in epistolam ad Hebraeos, & omnes canonicas, Io. Calvini commentarii. Quae author ad marginem sui libri adnotavit, & quae vel expuncta vel addita comperimus, quàm maxima potuimus diligentia suo loco in hac aeditione inseri curavimus. Genève, Thomas Courteau, 1565. 8vo. (12) 1002 [= 1036] (44), (8) 185 (26) pp. Later blind-stamped leather.

1.250,-

First Latin octavo edition of Calvin’s collected commentaries on the New Testament epistles, published twice before in folio. Calvin wrote commentaries on almost every book of the New Testament. The first commentary Calvin published was on the epistle to the Romans, which came off the press in 1540, followed by his commentary on 1 Corinthians in 1546. From then on, Calvin published commentaries on the whole remaining Pauline corpus within four years. After Calvin had also finished his commentaries on the catholic epistles, a complete edition of his revised commentaries on all the New Testament epistles was published in 1556. It was followed by a second edition in 1563 (dated 1557) and the edition above in 1565. – Spine expertly restored and some old marginal annotations.

Peter & Gilmont 65/5; Erichson, p. 30; Chaix-Dufour-Moeckli 61; Adams C 322.

 

 

 

COCCEJUS, Johannes (1603-1669). S. Pauli apostoli epistola ad Galatas, cum commentario Johannis Coccei S.S. theolog. professoris. Leiden, Daniel, Abraham, and Adriaen van Gaasbeeck, 1665. 4to. (12) 302 (1) pp. Bound with: IDEM. Epistola S. Judae apostoli cum commentario Johannis Coccei, S.S. theol. professoris. Leiden, Daniel, Abraham, and Adriaen van Gaasbeeck, 1665. 4to. (8) 62 pp. Contemporary overlapping vellum.

500,-

Very rare first Latin editions of Coccejus’ commentaries on Galatians and Jude. Coccejus, Reformed theologian and a leading exponent of covenant theology, was born in Bremen, but spent most of his life in the Netherlands. First in Franeker, where he became professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages in 1636 and professor of theology in 1643, but he moved to the University of Leiden in 1650, where he taught until his death in 1669. His writings include commentaries on all the books of the Bible, a Hebrew lexicon, works on philology, dogmatics, ethics, and volumes on biblical theology, including his famous Summa doctrinae de foedere et testamento Dei (first published in 1648). Coccejus’ commentaries were published in a steady flow throughout the years, but especially the 1660s saw the publication of many of his exegetical writings, including both commentaries above. – Crossed out dated owner’s inscription on third free endpaper.

I: Willems 895. II: Willems 896.

 

 

 

COCCEJUS, Johannes (1603-1669). Opera omnia theologica, exegetica, didactica, polemica, philologica; divisa in decem volumina. Editio tertia, auctior & emendatior. Amsterdam, Pieter Blaeu, Joan Blaeu, Gillis Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes Janssonius van Waesberge, Hendrick Boom, the widow of Dirk Boom, and Rembertus Goethals, 1701 [colophon: Harderwijk, Albertus Sas, 1700]. 10 Volumes. Folio. (290) 339 [= 345] + 227 (1 blank), (16) 623 + (2) 348, 136 (2) 137-366 + 290, 284 + 455 (1 blank), 286 + 288, 326 (2 blank), 119 + 403 (1 blank), 202 + 164, 123 (1 blank), 112 + 144, 170 (1) (1 blank), 280 + (12) 509 (62) pp. With full-page engraved portrait of the author and 19 engraved plates (including 10 double-page engravings and 2 folding plates). With: IDEM. Opera anekdota theologica et philologica, divisa in duo volumina. Amsterdam, Gillis Janssonius van Waesberge, Johannes Janssonius van Waesberge, Hendrick Boom, the widow of Dirk Boom, and Rembertus Goethals, 1706-1707. 2 Volumes. Folio. (14) 662 [= 654] + 818 (47) pp. Rebound in modern half leather with marbled paper-covered boards.

4.500,-

The complete works of Coccejus, including the two-volume Opera anekdota. – With an additional (erroneous) leaf in volume 1, some pen underlinings and pen annotations in volume 2, a small marginal wormhole in the last part of volume 3 (not affecting the text), volume 4 (not affecting the text), and the first half of volume 5 (not affecting the text), and some browning and foxing.

Bibliographia Sociniana 4125, 4126.

 

 

 

GATAKER, Thomas (1574-1654). Cinnus, sive Adversaria miscellanea; animadversionum variarum libris sex comprehensa. Quorum primores duo nunc primitùs prodeunt, reliqis deinceps (Deo favente) seorsim insecuturis. London, James Flesher for Laurence Sadler, 1651. 4to. (6) 454 (1) pp. Bound with: IDEM. De novi instrumenti stylo dissertatio. Qua viri doctissimi Sebastiani Pfochenii, de linguae Graecae Novi Testamenti puritate; in qua Hebraismis, quae vulgo finguntur, qam plurimis larva detrahi dicitur; diatribe ad examen revocatur: scriptorumqe qâ sacrorum, qâ profanorum, loca aliqam-multa, obiter explicantur atqe illustrantur. Cum indicibus necessariis. London, Thomas Harper for Laurence Sadler, 1648. 4to. (4) 346 (2) pp. Contemporary calf with gilt spine.

650,-

First editions of two of Gataker’s principal philological works. Gataker, a puritan divine educated at St. John’s College in Cambridge, was known as a godly preacher and an excellent humanist scholar. One of his most famous works is his De novi instrumenti stylo dissertatio, a major linguistic study of the Greek of the New Testament in relation to the Hebrew language. It was published in 1648 as a response to Sebastian Pfochen, a German philologist who argued that the Greek of the New Testament was a pure classical Greek. Gataker’s Adversaria miscellanea appeared a couple of years later, containing only the first two books of the six announced on the title page. The remaining four books were posthumously published in 1659 under the title Adversaria miscellanea posthuma. – Joints and spine expertly restored, wormhole in inner margin (not affecting the text), and lower margin of one leaf partly torn off (slightly affecting the quire signature).

I: Wing G313. II: Wing G318.

 

 

 

GROTIUS, Hugo (1583-1645). Opera omnia theologica, in tres tomos divisa. Ante quidem per partes, nunc autem conjunctim & accuratiùs edita. Quid porro huic editioni prae caeteris accesserit, praefatio ad lectorem docebit. Amsterdam, heirs of Joan Blaeu, 1679. 3 Volumes in 4. Folio. (24) 800 (67) + (4) 1238 (173) + (2) 755 (63) pp. With full-page engraved portrait of the author. Contemporary blind-stamped vellum with red title labels.

2.500,-

Monumental edition of Grotius’ theological oeuvre, including his annotations on the Old and New Testament as well as several smaller theological works. – Some foxing throughout.

Ter Meulen & Diermanse 919.

 

 

 

LAPIDE, Cornelius Cornelii à (1567-1637). Commentaria. Antwerpen, Jacobus Meurs, 1673-1684. 10 Volumes. Folio. (8) 1060 (55) + (8) 359 (1), (2) 400 (28), (8) 314 (44) + (8) 903 (111) + (8) 360 (36), (16) 376 (44), (4) 336 (22) + (6) 1040 (82) + (44) 1414 (113) + (24) 848 (90) + (6) 620 (68), (4) 557 (54) + (12) 976 (103) + (8) 368 (34), 570 (46), 356 (39) pp. With 4 full-page engravings of the major prophets. Contemporary blind-stamped vellum.

2.950,-

Beautiful complete set of Lapide’s Bible commentaries. Lapide studied humanities and philosophy at the Jesuit colleges of Maastricht and Cologne and theology at the universities of Douai and Leuven. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1592, was ordained priest in 1595, became professor of theology and Hebrew at the University of Leuven, and was finally called to Rome. Lapide distinguished himself as an outstanding exegete. He wrote commentaries on almost all the books of the Bible, including the deuterocanonical books. The only Bible books he did not comment on are Job and the Psalms. His Bible commentaries went through numerous editions and were appreciated by both Catholics and Protestants. – Small split in upper joint of volume 1, marginal wormhole in first 34 leaves of volume 3, upper corners of first 60 leaves of volume 9 stained, occasional underlinings in ink (some more in the first 2 volumes), some spotting and browning, a few minor defects, but otherwise a very good copy.

 

 

 

LIGHTFOOT, John (1602-1675). Opera omnia: hac nova editione operibus ejusd. posthumis, nunquam hactenus editis, locupletata; quorum syllabus, pagina post vitam auctoris ultima, exhibetur. Johannes Leusden textum Hebraicum recensuit & emendavit. Editio secunda, priore longe correctior & emendatior. Franeker, Leonardus Strick, 1699. 2 Volumes. Folio. (frontispiece, 94) 803 (52) + (12) 940 [= 936] (60) pp. With 1 engraved folding map of the Holy Land and 2 engraved folding plans of Jerusalem and the Temple. Bound with: IDEM. Opera posthuma, antehac inedita, quorum syllabus pagina versa exhibetur; cum indice necessario. Franeker, Leonardus Strick, 1699. Folio. (6) 202 (16) pp. Contemporary overlapping vellum.

600,-

Second Latin edition of Lightfoot’s Opera omnia, bound together with the first Latin edition of his Opera posthuma. Lightfoot was a noted seventeenth-century Hebraist and biblical scholar, educated at Cambridge. He successively served as rector of Stone (Staffordshire), Ashley (Staffordshire), and Much Munden (Hertfordshire), was a member of the Westminster Assembly and master of St Catharine’s College at Cambridge, and also served as vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge for a while. From 1629 onwards he published a series of works using his extensive knowledge of the Talmud to elucidate the Scriptures. Probably best known is hisHorae Hebraicae et Talmudicae, a commentary on the New Testament extending as far as 1 Corinthians, which comments from the perspective of Judaism. The second Latin edition of Lightfoot’s Opera omnia was edited by Johannes Leusden (1624-1699) and is preceded by a memoir of his life. – Portrait missing.

 

 

 

LUTHER, Martin (1483-1546). Der Erste [-Zehnte] Teil aller Deutschen Bücher und Schrifften des theuren, seeligen Mannes Gottes, Doct. Martini Lutheri, vom XVII. Jahre an, biss auff das XXII. Aus denen Wittenbergischen, Jehnisch- und Eisslebischen Tomis zusammen getragen. Altenburg, Fürstlich Sächsischen Officin, 1661-1664. 10 Volumes in 7. Folio. With 1 double-page engraving and 98 woodcut illustrations in the text. (42) 932 [= 944] + (12) 911 (1) + (12) 915 [= 913] (1) + (12) 802 (2) + (18) 1281 (2) + (14) 1428 [= 1430] (5) + (16) 722 (2) + (32) 1005 [= 1029] (1) + (10) 1598 (1) + (24) 1262 [= 1258] pp. Contemporary blind-stamped pigskin, with gilt-stamped initials EG, gilt-stamped date 1673, and blind-stamped portrait of Augustus, Elector of Saxony (1526-1586) on the front covers, blind-stamped coat-of-arms on the back covers, and later title labels.

10.000,-

Magnificent copy of the so-called Altenburg edition of Luther’s works, once part of the library of the Counts and Princes of Stolberg-Wernigerode. The Stolberg library was founded by Wolf Ernest of Stolberg (1546-1606) and went through a great period during the reign of Christian Ernest of Stolberg-Wernigerode (1691-1771), whose bookplate has been placed in the books. According to the dated owner’s inscriptions on the title pages and the stamped initials on the front covers the first owner was Ehrenfried Geier (1638-1695), Hofrat and Oberamtmann in Schönburg and Waldenburg. – All volumes with owner’s bookplate of Christian Ernest of Stolberg-Wernigerode on upper pastedown and small library stamp and dated owner’s inscription of Ehrenfried Geier on title page, light wear to spines, manuscript text on verso of third free endpaper of volume 1, a few pen underlinings and marginal annotations (some more in volume 9), some leaves of volume 9 with small stain in lower corner or outer margin, and corner of one leaf expertly restored (not affecting the text).

VD 17 3:307859P; Knaake I, 32.

 

 

 

MARLORAT, Augustin (1506-1562). Novi Testamenti catholica expositio ecclesiastica. Ex probatis theologis, quos Dominus ecclesiae suae diversis in locis dedit, excerpta & diligenter concinnata: sive bibliotheca expositionum Novi Testamenti, id est, expositio ex probatis theologis collecta, & in unum corpus singulari artificio conflata: quae instar bibliothecae multis expositoribus refertae esse possit. Authore Augustino Marlorato, verbi Dei ministro, diu multumque in theologia versato. Editio septima. Cum indice locupletissimo variarum rerum ad christianam religionem pertinentium, quae quidem in hac catholica expositione ecclesiastica tractantur. [No place], widow of Joannes Commelinus, 1620. Folio. (8) 1194 [= 1200] (33) pp. Contemporary blind-stamped vellum.

950,-

Seventh Latin edition of Marlorat’s anthology of interpretations of the New Testament. It was first published in Geneva by Henri Estienne in 1561 and had been modelled after Thomas Aquinas’s Catena aurea in quatuor Evangelia. As well as citing select church fathers and Roman Catholic authors (e.g., Santes Pagnini), Marlorat selects excerpts from the Wittenberg commentators, the Strasbourg, Basel, and Zurich schools, and from Genevan theologians (notably Calvin). Furthermore he interspersed them with his own comments. Marlorat, who was executed in 1562, also published anthologies on Genesis, Job, the Psalms, Song of Songs, and Isaiah. – Leaf with annotations and catalogue clippings mounted on upper pastedown, two small owners’ stamps on upper pastedown and title page, two dated owners’ inscriptions on first endpaper, and new ties.

VD 17 14:647610C.

 

 

 

MELANCHTHON, Philipp (1497-1560). In evangelia, quae usitato more diebus dominicis & festis proponuntur, annotationes Philippi Melanthonis, recognitae et auctae, adiectis ad finem aliquot conciunculis. Wittenberg, Hans Lufft, 1549. 8vo. (16) 361 (15) lvs. Contemporary blind-stamped pigskin.

1.200,-

Melanchthon’s postils, a collection of sermons following the liturgical calendar, are distinguished for their clarity and simplicity. They were assembled by his students to whom he had explicated them and proved very influential amongst university educated clerics, as well as pastors with rudimentary reading skills in Latin, contributing to sermons that they eventually composed and delivered. For those less educated, the first German translation appeared in 1545. Both the Latin and the German edition went through a considerable number of reprints and like Luther’s postils Melanchthon’s became one of the bestsellers of the sixteenth century. – Owner’s inscription on title page, single wormhole in first hundred leaves, some contemporary underlinings and marginal annotations.

VD 16 E 4540; Hartfelder 433; Keen 2.9.8; Knaake II, 620; Adams M 1091.

 

 

 

MELANCHTHON, Philipp (1497-1560). Brevis et utilis commentarius in priorem epistolam Pauli ad Corinthios, & in aliquot capita secundae, scriptus a Philippo Melanthone, et nunc primum excusus. Wittenberg, [colophon: Johann Krafft], 1561. 8vo. (12) 163 (3) lvs. Bound with: IDEM. Enarratio epistolae prioris ad Timotheum, et duorum capitum secundae, scripta & dictata in praelectione publica anno 1550. Et 1551. A Philip: Melanth. Item propositiones 85. complectentes praecipuorum articulorum doctrinam, scriptae et dictatae ab eodem autore. Omnia nunc primum edita. Wittenberg, [colophon: Johann Krafft], 1561. 8vo. (8) 131 lvs. Bound with: MAJOR, Georg (1502-1574). Enarratio epistolae Pauli ad Ephesios praelecta, anno M.D.LIX. Wittenberg, Hans Lufft, 1561. 8vo. (16) 111 lvs. Contemporary blind-stamped pigskin over wooden boards with one of the two clasps.

1.800,-

First editions of Melanchthon’s posthumously published commentaries on Corinthians and Timothy, bound together with a commentary on Ephesians by Georg Major, a student and colleague of Melanchthon. Melanchthon’s commentary on Corinthians appeared early in 1561 and was published by the Wittenberg professor Paul Eber (1511-1569). It consists of lectures dealing with all of 1 Corinthians and the opening chapters of 2 Corinthians. Melanchthon’s commentary on Paul’s letters to Timothy appeared in the same year. It was published by Paul Crell (1531-1579), a student of Melanchthon, and contains Melanchthon’s 1550 and 1551 lectures on 1 Timothy and the first two chapters of 2 Timothy. – Both commentaries of Melanchthon partly reversed (from leaf 73 on), contemporary annotations on first endpaper, and one of the clasps missing.

I: VD 16 M 2618; Hartfelder 672; Knaake II, 686. II: VD 16 M 3167; Hartfelder 673, 675; Knaake II, 687. III: VD 16 ZV 1992.

 

 

 

SURENHUSIUS, Guilielmus (1666-1729). [Sefer ha-meshaweh] sive [Biblos katallages] in quo secundum veterum theologorum Hebraeorum formulas allegandi, & modos interpretandi conciliantur loca ex V. in N.T. allegata. Amsterdam, Jan Boom, 1713. 4to. (24) 712 pp. Contemporary vellum.

350,-

First and only edition of Surenhusius’ last major publication. Surenhusius was probably the most philosemitic Christian Hebraist of the seventeenth century and is known for his Latin translation of the Mishnah. He studied at the University of Groningen, moved to Amsterdam in 1686 to take up lessons in rabbinical literature with Jewish teachers, and became professor of Oriental languages at the Amsterdam Athenaeum Illustre in 1704. His Biblos katallages, devoted to the use of Old Testament quotations in the New Testament, brings together his desire to safeguard the unity of Scripture and his high esteem of the Mishnah by showing that all apparent contradictions would vanish if one supposed that the New Testament used the Old Testament in the same way as the Mishnah does.

Fürst III, 397.